Metallurgy


COPPER
Historically, copper was the first metal to be worked by people. Copper is widely used metal with various health benefits. Some of its health benefits include improved joint health, iron absorption, thyroid health and better digestion. Drinking water in a copper utensil eliminates harmful effects of plastic. Storing drinking water in a copper vessel also improves your immune system, aid digestion, decrease wound healing times, and even boost your tan.

    Uses:
  • used in electrical equipment such as wiring and motors. This is because it conducts both heat and electricity very well, and can be drawn into wires
  • It also has uses in construction, example roofing and plumbing, and industrial machinery such as heat exchangers
  • Used in Kitchenware, Hotelware& household items - drinking glasses, mugs, water bottles, jars, etc
BRASS
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is extremely malleable, can be easily formed. Its properties depends on proportion of zinc and copper but are known for being easily formed, and retaining high strength after forming.Alloy is made to increase strength, to make it more resistant to corrosion and also to make it lighter.
Water stored in a brass vessel increases strength and immunity. In addition, it also helps pacify pitta (burning sensations, aggression), increases haemoglobin count, and improves the general condition of your skin. Brass utensils help sharpen the memory, purify the blood, prevent infections and much more

    Uses:
  • Household and decorative items like lamps, bowls, jugs,etc
  • Mechanical applications: bearings and gears, tools made of brass are known to have extended life
BRONZE
Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. Being an allow, it is stronger than pure copper. It has dull-gold like color. It is brittle than tin and iron but harder and durable than pure copper. The discovery that copper could be hardened with a little tin to form the alloy bronze gave the name to the Bronze Age

    Uses:
  • construction of sculptures
  • industrial applications such as bearings and bushings because of its low metal on metal friction
STAINLESS STEEL
Stainless has high corrosion resistance as chromium creates a thin layer that slows rusting. In particular, it combines ductility, elasticity and hardness, enabling it to be used in difficult metal forming modes (deep stamping, flat bending, extrusion) while offering resistance to heavy wear (friction, abrasion, impact, elasticity). It has the best fire resistance of all metallic materials. It is also recyclable.

    Uses:
  • Used in kitchen sinks, cutlery, cookware
  • Used in surgical tools and medical equipments
  • Used in construction of bridges, monuments, sculptures
ALUMINUM
Aluminum is malleable, in other words, can be easily formed and is also highly recyclable. Its high strength-to-weight ratio defines its uniqueness. It conducts heat much faster than steel or iron. It is also corrosion resistant, lightweight and yet strong. It has low density, is non-toxic, has excellent corrosion resistance, has a high thermal conductivity and can be easily cast, machined and formed.

    Uses:
  • Products like cans, foils, kitchen utensils, window frames, beer kegs and aeroplane part - because of its particular properties
  • Used in electrical transmission lines
  • Often used as an alloy with copper
TIN
Tin is a silvery-white metal, is malleable, somewhat ductile, and has a highly crystalline structure. It is a soft, pliable, silvery-white metal. It is not easily oxidized and resists corrosion because it is protected by an oxide film.

    Uses:
  • Tin is used in for can coating: tin-plated steel containers are widely used for food preservation
  • Tin alloys are used as solder for joining pipes or electric circuits, pewter, bell metal, babbit metal and dental amalgams
ZINC
Zinc is A silvery-white metal with a blue tinge. A base metal, zinc is primarily used to galvanize steel, a process that protects the metal against unwanted corrosion.
The alloys of zinc, including brass, are vital to a wide range of applications, from corrosion-resistant marine components to musical instruments. Pure zinc is a weak metal and has low toughness and is generally brittle, but zinc alloys generally have high impact strength compared to other die casting alloys.

Nickel
A silvery metal that resists corrosion even at high temperatures. It resists corrosion and is used to plate other metals to protect them. It is, however, mainly used in making alloys such as stainless steel Nichrome is an alloy of nickel and chromium with small amounts of silicon, manganese and iron. It resists corrosion, even when red hot, so is used in toasters and electric ovens.

CHROME
A hard, silvery metal with a blue tinge.
Chromium is used to harden steel, to manufacture stainless steel and to produce several alloys.Chromium plating can be used to give a polished mirror finish to steel. About 90% of all leather is tanned using chro.

References:
- https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/
- https://www.lenntech.com/periodic/


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